BIOCHAR FOR EMERGENT ENERGY STORAGE APPLICATIONS
Biochar is an effective method for carbon sequestration, sustainable agriculture and energy storage applications. This substance resembles charcoal and is produced by thermochemical conversion of biomass. When combined with soil, the resulting biochar can improve soil fertility and water retention while lowering greenhouse gas emissions. In batteries and supercapacitors, biochar can be employed as a high-capacity, inexpensive electrode material. Biochar has the potential to completely alter the way our world is powered thanks to its effective energy storage and release capabilities. Furthermore, for farmers, the environment, and the battle against climate change, biochar is a win-win solution.
BIOCHAR FROM GASIFICATION
BIOCHAR FOR HORTICULTURAL AND AGRICULTURAL APPLICATIONS
DEVELOPMENT OF A 3D PRINTABLE BIOCHAR INK
The study examines how temperature and the gasification agent affect the properties of biochar generated using an unique 50 kWth Indirectly Heated Bubbling Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer. According to the findings, indirect gasification creates high-quality biochars with improved porosity, a high heating value, and aromaticity. The highest yield of biochar and the best syngas composition are produced by air/steam gasification under specific conditions. Indirectly heated biochars can increase agricultural production and CO2 adsorption and are in accordance with the European Biochar Certified. The innovative indirect design has the potential to enhance gasification circularity.
In order to produce biochar for horticultural uses, this study focuses on the torrefaction of agricultural and forestry leftovers. The project aims to determine the most appropriate biomass materials based on their characteristics and intended uses, and to assess the effectiveness of different torrefied biomass feedstocks for applications based on soil remediation and sequestration. According to physical and chemical characterization tests, our study finds around 50 different biomass feedstocks, rates the top 10 best-performing feedstocks for biochar applications based on soil remediation and sequestration, and analyzes each one.
In electrical applications, biochar, a byproduct of biomass conversion, has the potential to take the place of pricey conductors like graphite and copper. Using biochar, we created an electrically conductive ink that is printable for use in 3D printing. Green, aqueous solutions with a thickener added were used to dissolve biochar to make the ink. 15% biochar in a solution of water and acetone was discovered to be the ideal concentration. The ink still falls short of conventional conductive filaments in terms of conductivity and water resistance, but in some applications it holds promise as a cost- and environmentally-friendly alternative.